Are you planning to plant a tree, garden, wildflower patch, raingarden or a food plot? Familiarize yourself with the area beforehand and take note of light conditions, soil characteristics, topography and land features.
Know your soil: Do you have sand or clay? Is the ground wet or dry? A soil test will help to understand the quality of your soil, contact your Cornell Cooperative Extension for information. For general information about your soils, visit the Web Soil Survey. Just enter your address, highlight the planting location and it will produce a general reference map of your soils.
Know your plants: What soil do they prefer? What wildlife will it attract? Native specimens will outperform other specimens. They will be healthier and last longer.
Know your frost cycle: To make sure your newly planted garden will survive the seasons, you will need to know your area’s average frost dates. In Warren County frost has been seen in mid April and late October, be aware of weather conditions.